Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome

Definition

Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare condition that is typically present at birth. The syndrome often involves port wine stains, excess growth of bones and soft tissue, and varicose veins.

Causes

Most cases of KTS occur for no clear reason. However, a few cases are thought to be passed down through families (inherited).

Symptoms

Symptoms of KTS include:

Other possible symptoms:

Exams and Tests

People with this condition may have excessive growth of bones and soft tissue. This occurs most commonly in the legs, but it also may affect the arms, face, head, or internal organs.

Various imaging techniques can be used to find out any change in body structures due to this condition. These also help in deciding the plan of treatment. These may include:

Ultrasound during pregnancy may help in diagnosing the condition.

Support Groups

The following organizations provide further information on KTS:

Outlook (Prognosis)

Most people with KTS do well, although the condition may affect their appearance. Some people have psychological problems from the condition.

There can sometimes be abnormal blood vessels in the abdomen, which may need to be evaluated.


Review Date: 10/26/2017
Reviewed By: Anna C. Edens Hurst, MD, MS, Assistant Professor in Medical Genetics, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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