Pyogenic granuloma

Definition

Pyogenic granulomas are small, raised, and red bumps on the skin. The bumps have a smooth surface and may be moist. They bleed easily because of the high number of blood vessels at the site. It is a benign (noncancerous) growth.

Causes

The exact cause of pyogenic granulomas is unknown. They often appear following an injury on the hands, arms, or face.

The lesions are common in children and pregnant women. (A skin lesion is an area of the skin that is different than the surrounding skin.)

Symptoms

Signs of a pyrogenic granuloma are:

Exams and Tests

Your health care provider will do a physical exam to diagnose this condition.

You may also need a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment

Small pyogenic granulomas may go away suddenly. Larger bumps are treated with:

Outlook (Prognosis)

Most pyogenic granulomas can be removed. A scar may remain after treatment. There is a high chance that the problem will come back if the whole lesion is not destroyed during treatment.

Possible Complications

These problems may occur:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if you have a skin bump that bleeds easily or that changes appearance.


Review Date: 10/14/2018
Reviewed By: Michael Lehrer, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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