Developmental coordination disorder

Definition

Developmental coordination disorder is a childhood disorder. It leads to poor coordination and clumsiness.

Causes

A small number of school-age children have some kind of developmental coordination disorder. Children with this disorder may:

Developmental coordination disorder may occur alone or with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It may also occur with other learning disorders, such as communication disorders or disorder of written expression.

Symptoms

Children with developmental coordination disorder have problems with motor coordination compared to other children the same age. Some common symptoms include:

Exams and Tests

Physical causes and other types of learning disabilities must be ruled out before the diagnosis can be confirmed.

Treatment

Physical education and perceptual motor training (combining movement with tasks that require thinking, like math or reading) are the best ways to treat coordination disorder. Using a computer to take notes may help children who have trouble writing.

Children with developmental coordination disorder are more likely to be overweight than other children their age. Encouraging physical activity is important to prevent obesity.

Outlook (Prognosis)

How well a child does depends on the severity of the disorder. The disorder does not get worse over time. It most often continues into adulthood.

Possible Complications

Developmental coordination disorder can lead to:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if you are concerned about your child's development.

Prevention

Families who are affected by this condition should try to recognize problems early and have them treated. Early treatment will lead to future success.


Review Date: 10/11/2018
Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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