Blood in the semen

Definition

Blood in the semen, called hematospermia, is blood that is either too small to be seen (microscopic) or visible in the ejaculation fluid.

Considerations

Symptoms that may occur with this condition include:

Causes

Blood in the semen is usually caused by inflammation of the seminal vesicles. It may also be caused by:

It may be a sign of disease or a problem in the urethra, testicles, epididymis, or prostate.

Often, the cause cannot be found.

Home Care

You can treat minor injuries by resting, applying ice, and monitoring your symptoms. For major injuries you may need surgery.

Infections can often be treated with antibiotics taken by mouth (or intravenous antibiotics if symptoms are severe).

Blockages of the urinary tract system are usually treated with surgery. If cancerous tumors are causing the blockage, you may need radiation or chemotherapy.

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Always call your doctor if you notice any blood in your semen.

What to Expect at Your Office Visit

The health care provider will perform a physical examination, looking for signs of:

To diagnose the cause of the problem, your health care provider will ask medical history questions, such as:

Tests that may be done include:

If the blood does not clear, more tests should be done. These tests may include:


Review Date: 9/16/2011
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Scott Miller, MD, Urologist in private practice in Atlanta, Georgia. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

This information should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. © 1997- 2007 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.