B and T cell screen is a laboratory test to determine the amount of T and B cells (lymphocytes) in the blood.
A blood sample is needed.
Blood could also be obtained by capillary sample (fingerstick or heelstick in infants).
After the blood is drawn, it goes through a two-step process. First, the lymphocytes are separated from other blood parts. Once the cells are separated, identifiers are added to distinguish between T and B cells.
Tell your health care provider if you have had any of the following, which might affect your T and B cell count:
When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people feel moderate pain, while others feel only a prick or stinging sensation. Afterward, there may be some throbbing.
Your provider may order this test if you have signs of certain diseases that weaken the immune system. It may also be used to distinguish between cancerous and noncancerous disease, particularly cancers that involve the blood and bone marrow.
The test may also be used to determine how well treatment for certain conditions is working.
Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results.
Abnormal T and B cell counts suggest a possible disease. Further testing is needed to confirm a diagnosis.
An increased T cell count may be due to:
An increased B cell count may be due to:
A decreased T cell count may be due to:
A decreased B cell count may be due to:
Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another and from one side of the body to the other. Obtaining a blood sample from some people may be more difficult than from others.
Other risks associated with having blood drawn are slight but may include:
Reviewed By: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.