The latex agglutination test is a laboratory method to check for certain antibodies or antigens in a variety of body fluids including saliva, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, or blood.
The test depends on what type of sample is needed.
The sample is sent to a lab, where it is mixed with latex beads coated with a specific antibody or antigen. If the suspected substance is present, the latex beads will clump together (agglutinate).
Latex agglutination results take about 15 minutes to an hour.
Your health care provider may tell you to limit certain foods or medicines shortly before the test. Follow instructions on how to prepare for the test.
This test is a quick way to determine the absence or presence of an antigen or antibody. Your provider will base any treatment decisions, at least in part, on the results of this test.
Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results.
If there is an antigen-antibody match, agglutination will occur.
The risk level depends on the type of test.
URINE AND SALIVA TESTS
There is no risk with the urine or saliva test.
Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another and from one side of the body to the other. Obtaining a blood sample from some people may be more difficult than from others.
Other risks associated with having blood drawn are slight, but may include:
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TEST
Risks of lumbar puncture include:
Reviewed By: Frank A. Greco, MD, PhD, Director, Biophysical Laboratory, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Hospital, Bedford, MA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.