Hip joint injection

Definition

A hip injection is a shot of medicine into the hip joint. The medicine can help relieve pain and inflammation. It can also help diagnose the source of hip pain.

Description

For this procedure, a health care provider inserts a needle in the hip and injects medicine into the joint. The provider uses a real-time x-ray (fluoroscopy) to see where to place the needle in the joint.

You may be given medicine to help you relax.

For the procedure:

After the injection, you will remain on the table for another 5 to 10 minutes. Your provider will then ask you to move the hip to see if it is still painful. The hip joint will become more painful afterwards when the numbing medicine has worn off. It may be a few days before you notice any pain relief.

Why the Procedure Is Performed

Hip injection is done to reduce hip pain caused by problems in the bones or cartilage of your hip. The hip pain is often caused by:

A hip injection can also help diagnose hip pain. If the shot does not relieve pain within a few days, then the hip joint may not be the source of hip pain.

Risks

Risks are rare, but may include:

Before the Procedure

Tell your provider about:

Plan ahead to have someone drive you home after the procedure.

After the Procedure

After the injection, follow any specific instructions your provider gives you. These may include:

You may resume most normal activities the next day.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Most people feel less pain after a hip injection.

You may need more than one injection. How long the shot lasts varies from person to person, and depends on the cause of the pain. For some, it can last weeks or months.


Review Date: 11/5/2018
Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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