Asymptomatic HIV infection

Definition

Asymptomatic HIV infection is a phase of HIV/AIDS during which there are no symptoms of HIV infection.

During this phase, the immune system in someone with HIV slowly weakens, but the person has no symptoms. How long this phase lasts depends on how quickly the HIV virus copies itself, and how the person's genes affect the way the body handles the virus.

Some people can go 10 years or longer without symptoms. Others may have symptoms and worsening immune function within a few years after the original infection.


Review Date: 5/18/2017
Reviewed By: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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