Endometrial biopsy

Definition

Endometrial biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) for examination.

How the Test is Performed

This procedure may be done with or without anesthesia. This is medicine that allows you to sleep during the procedure.

How to Prepare for the Test

Before the test:

How the Test will Feel

The instruments may feel cold. You may feel some cramping when the cervix is grasped. You may have some mild cramping as the instruments enter the uterus and the sample is collected. The discomfort is mild, though for some women it can be severe. However, the duration of the test and the pain are short.

Why the Test is Performed

The test is done to find the cause of:

Normal Results

The biopsy is normal if the cells in the sample are not abnormal.

What Abnormal Results Mean

Abnormal menstrual periods may be caused by:

Other conditions under which the test may be performed:

Risks

Risks for endometrial biopsy include:


Review Date: 6/30/2019
Reviewed By: John D. Jacobson, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda Center for Fertility, Loma Linda, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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